متى نستخدم simple present ومتى نستخدم present progressive ؟
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باختصار لأان الموضوع طويل
The Simple Preset
For Facts & Habits
If we freeze water, it turns into ice. =====Fact
I have a cup of black coffee in the morning. ===== Habit
The Present Prog. (or Continuous)
For actions happening right away or at the time of speaking
She's writing a letter to her Mom.
Look! Father is running after the cat.
تم النشر بواسطة عبد الله GM (Abdul Rahman Abdullah).
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The simple present or present simple is a form that combines present tense with "simple" (neither perfect nor progressive) aspect. In the indicative mood it consists of the base form of the verb, or the -s form when the subject is third-person singular (the verb be uses the forms am, is, are).
However with non-auxiliary verbs it also has a periphrastic form consisting of do (or third-person singular does) with the bare infinitive of the main verb – this form is used in questions (and other clauses requiring inversion) and negations, and sometimes for emphasis.
To refer to an action or event that takes place habitually. Such uses are often accompanied by frequency adverbs and adverbial phrases such as always, sometimes, often, usually, from time to time, rarely and never. Examples:
I always take a shower.
I never go to the cinema.
I walk to school.
He writes for a living.
This contrasts with the present progressive (present continuous), which is used to refer to something taking place at the present moment:
I am walking now;
He is writing a letter at the moment.
With stative verbs in senses that do not use progressive aspect, to refer to a present or general state, whether temporary, permanent or habitual.
You are happy.
I know what to do.
A child needs its mother.
I love you.
The label says "External use only.
It can similarly be used when quoting someone or something, even if the words were spoken in the past:
The label says "External use only.
Mary says she's ready.
To refer to a single completed action, as in recounting the events of a story in the present tense, and in such contexts as newspaper headlines, where it replaces the present perfect:
In Hamlet, Ophelia drowns in a stream.
40-year-old wins gold medal
Sometimes to refer to an arranged future event, usually with a reference to time:
We leave for Berlin tomorrow at 1 pm.
In providing a commentary on events as they occur:
I chop the chives and add them to the mixture.Ronaldo dribbles round the defender and shoots.
In describing events in some theoretical or planned situation that is under consideration:
According to the manager's new idea, I welcome the guests and you give the presentation.
In many dependent clauses referring to the future, particularly condition clauses, clauses expressing place and time, and many relative clauses:
If he finds your sweets, he will eat them.
We will report as soon as we receive any information.
In certain situations in a temporal adverbial clause, rather than the present progressive:
We can see the light improving as we speak.
In colloquial English it is common to use can see, can hear for the present tense of see, hear, etc., and have got for the present tense of have
(or Present progressive)
The present progressive or present continuous is a form which combines present tense with progressive aspect. It thus refers to an action or event conceived of as having limited duration, taking place at the present time. It consists of a form of the simple present of be together with the present participle of the main verb.
We are cooking the dinner now.
This often contrasts with the simple present, which expresses repeated or habitual action (We cook dinner every day). However sometimes the present continuous is used with always, generally to express annoyance about a habitual action:
You are always making a mess in the study.
Certain stative verbs do not use the progressive aspect, so the present simple is used instead in those cases. The present progressive can be used to refer to a planned future event:
We are tidying the attic tomorrow.
It also appears with future reference in many condition and time clauses and other dependent clauses:
If he's sleeping when you arrive, wake him up.
I will finish the job while the children are playing.
It can also refer to something taking place not necessarily at the time of speaking, but at the time currently under consideration, in the case of a story or narrative being told in the present tense:
The king and queen are conversing when Hamlet enters.
تم النشر بواسطة Anaies Qasem (Maths love).
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